Recycle of Fabrics
Recycle of fabrics is a necessity of the time, The disposed off garments or fabrics after use usually land up in landfills or as collected municipal waste. The natural fabrics decompose producing and releasing greenhouse gases to the environment and may take up to one hundred years to fully disintegrate. The artificial and synthetic fabrics and garments do not decompose and may therefore severely contaminate the soil, water and air by releasing toxic substances.
Recycle of fabrics and garments very much advantageous since it results in decrease landfill requirements, reduction in use of natural fiber, reduction in use of energy and water, reduction of pollution, lessened demand for dyes, etc.
There are two main sources of fabric recycling such as post-consumer source and pre-consumer source. The post-consumer source includes used/discarded garments, household utilities of fabric and vehicular upholstery, etc. The main pre-consumer source is scrap as the byproduct of yarn and fabric manufacturing and post-industrial textile scraps.
Another way of recycle of fabrics is to collect the used fabrics as donations and after cleaning and disinfection, send it for reuse by sections of population in poorer countries. Even though it is a popular method to recycle fabrics it may retard the growth of the local fabric industries severely impacting on the revenue flow of the cloth industries and earning potential of the workers.
A novel way to address the recycle of fabrics is intertwined with that of slow fashion where the natural fabrics fashion remain constant for the users for long resulting in slower rate of fabric recycling. The slow fashion is catching up as more efficient and durable natural and organic fabrics are made and used by socially conscious individuals.